Hike the Tepui in Venezuela

WHAT: Hike The Tepui in Venezuela’s Canaima National Park

Remember the kid’s movie about a disgruntled old man who transforms his house into an airship bound for South America? If you’ve seen “Up”, then you’ve seen the Tepui. A series of vertical landmasses rising up through the Amazonian clouds in Venezuela’s Canaima National Park. In recent years, more and more plucky adventurers are heading to Venezuela to attempt to hike the Tepui. Here, they can visit Angel Falls, the world’s highest waterfall, and the crown Jewel of Venezuelan hiking attractions.

scene from the movie UP
The Tepui, in Cainama National Park, featured in the movie “UP.”

What Are The Tepui?

The Tepui tabletop mountains, or ‘mesas,’ are the remnants of an ancient South American supercontinent named ‘Gondwana‘. Over tens of millions of years, rivers formed and washed away enormous chunks of earth. As a result, vertical landmasses formed upon which sprouted a natural terrain utterly unlike any on earth.


Tepui view from above in Venezuelas Canaima national park. This is the home of the world's highest waterfall
The view from above. Photo Credit. National Geographic

A Real-Life Jurassic Park

In 1884 British explorers Everard IM Thum and Harry Perkins became the first Europeans to hike the Tepui. After that, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle heard tales of their high-altitude trek through mesmerizing, misty cloud forest. Consequently, he was inspired to write “The Lost World,” from which Jurassic Park took its cue.


Hiking in Venezuela. Man sitting on top of Mount Roraima in Canaima National parks Tepui. In the background is the world's highest waterfall

To Hike the Tepui is a Biologists Dream

There is a huge difference in altitude and temperature between the sea level jungle and the Tepui platforms. Moreover, vertical rock walls and millions of years separate the two areas. Consequently,  perfectly isolated ecological islands have emerged that contain all manner of undiscovered plant and animal life. Anyone hiking the Tepui won’t run into the dinosaurs of Conan Doyle’s imagination. However, the Tepui are still home to countless strange beasts, many of which don’t even have names.

A sinkhole in the the tepui
The sinkholes atop the Tepui are home to countless undiscovered lifeforms.

Undiscovered Lifeforms

This one-of-a-kind evolutionary petri-dish is home to flora and fauna you won’t find anywhere else. For example, biologists have discovered flowers, lizards, frogs, spiders, a bewildering variety of carnivorous plants, and more. Similarly, returning biologists have noted that some Tepui sinkholes are “islands within islands.” Amazingly, they contain species endemic only to that single sinkhole.

Hiking in Venezuela to a sinkhole in the tepui

Hike the Tepui to The World’s Highest Waterfall

To hike the Tepui, hikers must ascend semi-sheer granite walls.  Multi-million-year-old, rainbow-streaked waterfalls have smoothed out some of these walls. The most famous example is Angel Falls. At one kilometer high, this mighty cascade of crystalline mountain water is the highest uninterrupted waterfall on earth. Eventually, you’ll reach the top. After that, if any of your mind remains unblown, the unique, prehistoric wilderness that awaits should finish the job.


Angel Falls in Canaima National Park
Angel Falls. The highest waterfall in the world.

Unfortunately, some of the most spectacular Tepui are off-limits to all but ultra-competent climbers. Or, those with access to a helicopter, piloted by an unhinged maverick capable of landing on uneven terrain in fog. However, Canaima National Park contains plenty of other Tepui to explore. These can be reached either by the trails from the base, or via a climb. Both options require a guide, particularly for first-timers.


People climbing the Tepui
Experienced, committed climbers are the only ones able to reach the summit of many of the Tepui .

Which Tepui to Hike?

Hiking in Venezuela is generally mellow, and the Tepui are not the Himalayas. Nevertheless, to hike the Tepui you’ll need to be in decent hiking shape. Importantly, hikers should note that their supplies are limited only to what they carry uphill for a prolonged period. Many routes, particularly the quicker ones are tough, tricky, and occasionally nerve-wracking. Mount Roraima is the tallest of the Tepui, and one of the most breathtaking climbing locations in South America. All in, groups take around 8 days to ascend, hang out, and descend.

Hiking in Venezuela's Canaima National Park
Cainama National Park in Venezuela.

Unfortunately, the prolonged ascent/descent period required to hike the Tepui limits time at the summit to around 24 hours. The time required to hike the Tepui will depend on your speed, strength, and experience. Certain veteran groups run independent trips, ascending quicker and camping out on the tabletops for longer periods.

Hiking in Venezuela's Canaima National Park. Home to the word's highest waterfall.

Mount Roraima

Mount Roraima sits on the borders of Brazil, Guyana, and Venezuela in Canaima National Park. The only hiking route that doesn’t require climbing gear, experience, and sheer guts is the Paraitepui route from Venezuela. Anything else is both extremely difficult and probably illegal. The Brazilian portion of Mt Roraima is indigenous territory, and closed to the public.

Angel Falls. The World’s Highest Waterfall

No hike up the Tepui would be complete without a trip to Angel Falls. Angel Falls is the world’s highest, tallest waterfall and a true wonder of the natural world. In the Pemon language, Angel Falls translates to Kerepakupai Merú meaning “waterfall of the deepest place.” The water cascades down uninterrupted for nearly one km, hitting the jungle floor below.

Angel falls in the tepui, is the world's highest waterfall
At nearly one kilometer high, Angel Falls is the world’s highest waterfall.

A Historic Crash Landing

Angel Falls was unknown to the outside world until 1933. It was discovered when US pilot and all-around madman Jimmie Angel landed atop of Auyan Tepui. He sunk his plane in the mud, and hiked for 11 days to get back to ground level. News spread of his adventure. Consequently, the world’s highest waterfall was named in his honor. Nearly a century later, landing a plane atop of Auyan Tepui is still a stupid idea.


Jimmie Angel with his wife Virginia, a wing-walker, in 1928
Jimmie Angel and his wife Virginia, a wing-walker, in 1928. Photo Credit: Jimmie Angel Historical Project Archive


Jimmie angel's crashed plane on top of the tepui
In 1937, Jimmie Angel accidentally crashed his plane on top of the Tepui. He hiked down near Angel falls. Angel Falls was named in his honor. The airplane was recovered in 1970.

Jimmie Angel’s aircraft remained atop Auyan Tepui until 1970. Eventually, Venezuelan military helicopters retrieved the plane. The aircraft now sits outside the Ciudad Bolívar airport terminal.


Jimmie Angel's Plane outside Venezuela national museum
Jimmie Angel’s restored plane outside Ciudad Bolívar airport.

Bring a Rainjacket

Hiking in Venezuela can be a wet affair. The Amazonian dry season runs from late September to April. However, the Tepui wouldn’t be the Tepui unless they were drizzly all year round. Consequently, you’ll need your wet weather gear.


Most of the Tepui are located within Venezuela’s Canaima National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Mount Roraima is located in the southeastern corner of the park, bordering Brazil and Guyana.

Fly into Puerto Ordaz or Cuidad Bolivar. From there drive to Canaima camp, and take the boat upriver to the base of the falls and the beginning of the hike to the Tepui.

Mount Roraima, Venezuela
Mount Roraima
  • Standard mountaineering and inclined hiking hazards.
  • Some travelers get injured hiking the Tepui, which is in a remote location. Consequently, getting them out and safely back to civilization is a complicated, costly affair. Think travel insurance.
  • Canaima National Park is home to dangerous animals. For example, cougars, jaguars, and poisonous snakes.
  • In the language of the indigenous tribes of the Venezuelan highlands, ‘Tepui,’ translates to ‘House of the Gods’. Among the mist and fog lie treasures you won’t see anywhere else. For example, you’ll find crystal valleys, rock formations and pools, gorges, and even sandy beaches. And if you’re lucky, you may even discover a new species.
  • Visiting Canaima National Park to hike the Tepui is an incredible trip. Above all, seeing the world’s highest waterfall in action is a truly unforgettable experience.


Read - book recomendations

Share this article


Related Posts